Have you ever wondered why your hygienist starts rattling off aseries of numbers in the middle of your cleaning? 2, 2, 3, 2, 4, 5! What's going on there? What the hygienist is doing is checking the depth of gum tissue pockets that surround your tooth. It's a proactive way to identify your risk for gum disease, and when done regularly, can help catch it early. Dental probing is a pretty important exercise in dentistry that can save you from surgery and extractions.
Dental Probing Catches Problems Early
One reason to visit the dentist regularly is to identify problems in your mouth that you are completely oblivious to. Subtle changes in the health of our gum tissue can be missed by the naked eye, and some people (even those who visit a dentist regularly) can be prone to an excess buildup of plaque and tartar that can result in gingivitis and periodontal disease.Thankfully, our Sioux Falls dentist and team can catch these changes early through the use of X-rays and the practice of dental probing.
The reason for probing is straightforward. As periodontal disease progresses, the visible markers of the disease (plaque and tartar) migrate down along the side of the tooth into the natural "pocket" between the ridge of the gumline and the tooth's enamel. This inflames the gum tissue and widens this naturally slim gap between the tooth and gum. As this gap becomes wider, even more bacteria are allowed access to the sensitive tissue fibersalong the root's outer surface, causing more damage. This process may result in bone loss, and the need to extract a tooth. This is why probing is so important.
How Does Dental Probing Work?
"Probing" is quite simple and is accomplished by using a dental "probe" to measure the depth of a tooth's pocket. The probe acts like a ruler, and has markings along its side measured out in millimeters. To measure the depth of your tooth's pocket, your hygienist gently places the probe into this pocket and makes note of the depth. Those numbers you hear are the millimeter depths of your pocket. Six measurements are taken per tooth, three along the outside, and three along the inside of each tooth. A depth of three millimeters or under without any bleeding is generally accepted as healthy. Above that number, our Sioux Falls dentist may suggest more thorough cleanings, including dental laser therapy (this gentlelaser replaces the older practiceof scaling and root planning), or something even more comprehensive if the number is above a five and nearing ten.
So, as you can see, maintaining pocket health is critical, and proper brushing and flossing can help clear away plaque and prevent the tartar buildup that expands a pocket. Your dentist also plays a critical role inensuring you're staying ahead of gum disease, so be sure to keep your regular appointments- particularly if you have been identified as having periodontitis and recommended for more frequent, thorough cleanings. With a good routine and frequent visits to our Sioux Falls dentist office, the only numbers you'll be hearing moving forward should be 1, 2 and 3!